Wednesday, January 4, 2017


The Divus Iulius Caesar, Son of Venus, rest his foot on the globe while holding a lituus in his right hand and a staff with a cross on the top in his left.

The staff appears to have a cross-piece about midway up its height, also.

The Divine Julius Caesar standing with his right foot on the globe.
Midway up the staff there appears to be a cross-piece; at the top there is a cross.
(Original image © bpk / M
ΓΌnzkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin)

Detail of the above image showing a cross.
The Roman religion -- the Imperial Cult of the Caesars -- apparently adopted the cross as one of its representative symbols. Why? We don't know, but the cross is a simplified version of the Star of Julius Caesar and also a simplified representation of a tropaeum.

Related note on Israel's history in the two subsequent centuries: The moniker "Son of a Star" was applied to the second-century CE Jewish messiah Simon bar-Kosiba and possibly to the first-century CE historical figure Yeshua ben-Yoseph, whose ossuary was found the Talipot Tomb with a star inscribed on its lid. Yeshua's star, apparently, was made by merging a "tau," a "chi," and an "iota" -- the first two regarded as crosses. Simon's star, on the other hand, was represented on coins, alternatively as a flame, a star of eight points, and as an equilateral cross.

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